Cold Foods
Foods that Cool You

© Zbyszek Nowak

Cold foods are foods that have a cooling effect on your body.

They may or may not be cold to the touch - in fact they can be cooked and warm, but still have a chilling effect.

It pays to know about them! 

Why? Because you can help your body maintain good health by altering what you eat according to the conditions - the environment - in which you find yourself.

Lots of people make themselves more prone to illness by eating foods that are wrong for their metabolism.

Do Hot foods have the opposite effect? Click here for Hot foods!

First, you may like to read about Heat and Cold, two of the external pathogenic factors (ie factors that attack you from outside your body) that can make you ill.

From the Western medical or nutritional perspective the Chinese concept of food energy makes no sense.

But from that Chinese medical perspective, a food's energy can have a huge effect on your health. In the short term it may be more important than the food's nutritional effect.

By the way! There are other checks and balances when it comes to food, as considered from the view-point of Chinese medicine. There's more about this on our page on Nutrition.

Cold foods are not necessarily Cold!

How you prepare and eat a food can change its energy. Chewing a cold food for a long time reduces its cooling effect a little: cooking it and eating it hot likewise.

Take a melon. Melons are watery fruits that grow naturally in warm countries. They are delicious when eaten in summer when it's hot.

They have a cooling effect. You wouldn't normally think of eating a melon to warm you up!

But what would happen if you put the melon under the hot grill? 

Grilling it would boil off some of the water in the melon, concentrating its action and possibly charring it a bit. That puts some heat into it and, if eaten warm, the melon would certainly be less cooling than before. But in terms of Chinese medicine, it would still be cooling.

Cooking a cold food does reduce its cooling effect, a little.

Meat is a hot food

Even if eaten cold, in Chinese medicine roast lamb is still warming, just not as warming as it would have been if eaten when hot.

Click here for more about hot foods.

Who should NOT eat foods of a Cold nature?

If you condition is one of deficiency, of lack of energy, of chilliness, especially if you are typically yang deficient, avoid cold food!

  • Deficiency? When you are tired and cold, or recovering from a big effort like moving house, or from an illness (eg convalescent), or as you grow old
  • Lack of energy? Much the same as deficiency, but later in the day you become more tired and unless the weather is very hot, avoid cold foods

Copyright Olekssi Afanasiev Dreamstime

  • If you are chilled, or suffering from a cold virus or illness that makes you feel cold, avoid Cold foods. For you in that state, in general the less food you eat the better, whatever its hot or cold nature. 
  • But whatever you do eat should not be cold or chilled. Better to eat mildly warming foods or drinks, if anything.
  • Typically yang deficient? Read more under yang deficiency!

What if there is only Cold food available?

What if you find  there is nothing to eat except cold foods? Perhaps you are offered a dish containing no hot food, nor anything hot to the touch.

What to do?

First, do realise that much food that is cold to the touch is warming or even heating in its effect! For example:

  • Most processed food
  • Cold Meat
  • Pastries
  • Pies
  • Roasted peanuts
  • Cheese 'nuggets'
  • Spring rolls
  • Deep fried food
  • Many roasted or grilled foods

Even these can have a cooling effect when first eaten! Why?  Because if eaten cold, and if your digestion is very yang deficient, that food may burrow its way right down through you to re-appear as diarrhoea within a few hours.

But if you chew them well before swallowing, the food's heating effect will appear in various ways, for example - 

  • bad breath
  • smelly stools
  • rash
  • dry or itchy eyes
  • athlete's foot
  • dry foot skin

Even so, chewing is best! Otherwise the food goes straight through you and uses your energy, offering little in return because your body doesn't absorb it.

So, what to do about COLD foods?

If your host offers you only foods classified as cold, for example a cold starter, a salad for the main course, followed by fruit salad afterwards, then if you are very yang deficient, 

  • ask for a mug of warm water (or a hot tea) before you start. Better still if it has a slice of ginger root in it (see picture).
  • When the food comes, chew it well. Whilst in your mouth it picks up warmth and saliva enzymes that make it more digestible. Chewed into small pieces your stomach can break it down more easily.
  • If you are offered cold drinks, don't swallow them in great gulps: take them in small sips.
  • Ask for the same warm drink afterwards. This dissipates the cooling effects of the food you've just eaten.
  • Keep plenty of clothes on: don't peel off! Avoid sitting on damp, cold ground or seats. Cold transmits into your body through your skin too, so if you are already cold, and sit on something cold AND eat something cold, you put your body at a considerable disadvantage. Seek out warmth.
  • When you get home have a warm bath (or warm shower), and a warm drink with ginger root slices in it.

This way, you warm your tubes both before and afterwards.

Combining with Hot foods - Balance

If you have to eat hot or very warming foods, even you should make sure to include some cool foods to balance.

Equally, if you are naturally blessed with good circulation and naturally feel warm when others feel cold, then you will probably benefit from eating more cool or cold foods, to keep you in balance.

Cold Foods

This list will never be complete because new foods are always being discovered, and the Chinese didn't have access to many of our modern Western foods.

It sometimes takes time to assess the energy of a food.

Also, you may react differently to a food than others. So beware individual reactions.

If you are very sensitive or even allergic to a food, its effect will be more warming than cooling.

Foods below are classified according to the typeface used:

  • cool
  • cooler
  • cold

List of Cold Foods

  • apple
  • aubergine (= eggplant)
  • bamboo shoot
  • banana (NB Many people eat bananas, which are not just cooling but moisturising too: in a hot climate this excellent food combats the heat and dryness AND gives you energy. In a cold wet climate, for many people this is a wrong food.)
  • barley
  • crab
  • cucumber (regarded in Chinese medicine as an excellent food for acne, which is thought to be mostly caused by Heat in the Lungs and/or Stomach)
  • egg, white of (chicken egg)
  • grape
  • grapefruit (however, the peel is warm!)
  • hops
  • ice
  • kelp
  • lemon
  • lettuce
  • loquat
  • mango
  • melon
  • mung bean
  • mushroom
  • muskmelon
  • orange (the peel is warming and for some people orange fruit is often yang, producing a rash or headache)
  • pear
  • persimmon
  • peppermint
  • plum
  • radish
  • salt
  • seaweed is mostly cold
  • sesame oil
  • sorbet
  • spinach
  • strawberry
  • sugarcane
  • tangerine 
  • tea (Indian and Chinese teas all have slightly different effects but by and large they are cooling. However, as they are sipped warm, the effect is fairly neutral.)
  • tofu
  • tomato
  • Water chestnut
  • watermelon
  • wheat 
  • Wild cucumber = Bitter gourd
  • Yogurt, though full of milk fats, is considered to be a cold food. In Indian cooking, a yogurt drink (lassi) is often given to compensate for the hot spices of the main dish.

The more often you eat a cool food, the more cooling it becomes.

NB Ice cream is made up of dairy foods and sugar that are frozen. But the dairy foods are mostly warming, so although you feel cold to start with, the after-effect is often warming.

Most vegetables are neutral ie slightly warming or cooling. Root vegetables tend to be warming if eaten with their skins.

Other useful pages

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Western Astrology and Chinese Medicine



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