Pericardium 6
Neiguan  - Inner Frontier Gate


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Pericardium 6, Neiguan, Inner Frontier Gate, is an acupuncture point lying on the Pericardium channel. Known also as Neiguan or Inner Gate, this is a famous point! It's being prodded and poked all over the world because anyone feeling sick, especially if pregnant or seasick, believes it steadies the vomiting reflex.

Where is it and how does it work?

What's more, does it work?

And is there anything else special about it?

Yes!

Finding P6 Acupuncture Point

Find your wrist crease on the palm side of your arm.

Measure up your arm about two thumb widths from the middle of the crease.

Find the two tendons running up your arm under the skin (still on the palm side of the arm).

Your Pericardium 6 Acupunture Point is usually between those tendons, that distance from the crease.

More accurately? Measure the distance from your wrist crease to your elbow crease. Divide this distance by 6. The point is one sixth of the way up the arm from the wrist, between the two tendons.

However, even that isn't necessarily quite right because everyone is different. If you're feeling sick or if you're having problems in your chest of abdomen the place where the point is may be tender to touch. You'll have to feel around for it.

Best way to find it?

With the palm of your hand facing you, extend the hand backwards. Then let the fingertip (of the other hand) glide along the skin from the centre of the wrist crease towards the elbow crease between the two tendons. 

Often there is some tenderness when you get to the point or very near it. Don't press too hard. Usually your fingertip will catch when you get to the point.

Needling and Moxa on Neiguan

Needle Pericardium 6 vertically and carefully, as many people have important nerves running along near the point.

If you touch the nerve they'll get a funny-bone feeling down the arm to the finger tips, and they'll certainly tell you. (Getting this sensation doesn't mean you missed the point, but you may want to try again nearby.) No need to go deep.

Indeed, if you go too deep the patient may get a stronger sensation than is necessary, and you could find that you've penetrated through to another acupuncture point normally reached from the other side of the arm - WeiGuan - Triple Burner 5.

Of course, skilled acupuncturists often want to do both points at the same time, with just one needle: it depends on what treatment is intended.

Moxa

Moxibustion: up to 6 small cones. The skin here is usually thin and most people quickly notice the heat, but older people's reactions are slower so be cautious when using moxa on this point with them.

Finger Pressure treatment on P6

Once you've found Pericardium 6, gentle massage is usually all that is necessary. You don't need to dig deep.

Just gently massage the tenderness away. As the tenderness goes, and if this point is the appropriate acupuncture point for whatever condition you are treating, (though if it's nausea, it may NOT be,) you'll usually find that the condition improves.

Wearing a Band round Pericardium 6?

You can buy wrist bands with a raised part that you arrange to press on this point.

Is this a good idea?

Theoretically no, because you are pressing on an important acupuncture point with many deep-acting properties, and you're doing it all day and night. It's like keeping your foot on the accelerator all the time: likely to make things happen you don't want.

For brief spells it may not matter but please, not all the time.

Besides: over-use of any acupuncture point tends to make it eventually less effective.

BUT, we hear you say, doesn't the wrist strap of most watches lie over the point?

Yes, but it doesn't press the point more than the rest of the arm, so doesn't seem to have the effect of 'treating the point'.

What's Neiguan for in Chinese medicine?

You can read more about this under 'ACTIONS' further down this page, but to give you an idea of what it does, think about the meaning of the word 'pericardium'. The Chinese name for the channel this point lies on is actually 'The Pericardium Channel of Hand Absolute Yin'. Pericardium means 'around the heart' and the channel starts in that area, deep inside the chest.

Absolute Yin also shows you that we are talking about the inside of the body, the space that most needs protection but which also, when working properly, can be most stable.

(Want to know more about Yin, and Yang? Click here for an introduction to this huge and important concept in Eastern thought.)

One branch then descends into the abdomen through the diaphragm and another branch emerges on the skin on the side a couple of inches (actually 3 'divisions') below the axilla - your armpit.

From there it ascends to the axilla and then down the inside of the arm, running between the Heart channel and the Lung channel, to the elbow wrist and palm, ending at the tip of the middle (longest) finger.

The connection with the diaphragm is vital. We think of the lungs are being the only organ which we can control voluntarily. You can breathe deep or shallow, fast or slow: it's up to you.

You can't usually make your heart beat faster or slower, you can't make your liver work more efficiently, your stomach digest faster, your kidney filter faster ... All these other actions are involuntary.

Admittedly you can decide whether or not to pee, but if you're frightened or anxious you may find you don't have much choice even there.

But you can still to some extent control your breathing: speed it up, slow it down, breathe more deeply, more shallowly, hold your breath, sing loud or soft ...

But it's not just your lungs you control, it's your diaphragm, a huge internal muscle that arches over the top inside of your abdomen keeping your stomach, liver, intestines and all the rest of it below, and your lungs and heart (and pericardium) above.

When you take a deep breath, you retract the diaphragm, pushing down on the abdomen and its contents and expanding the lungs.

If you've had an enormous meal, you may find you can't breathe quite so deeply. That's because you've filled the space below too full and only by sticking your stomach out can you breathe in. Not so easy if your waist band is tight.

The Diaphragm muscle is to a large degree associated in Chinese medicine with the pericardium. The point on the pericardium channel of the hand absolute yin called Neiguan, or 'inner gate' or 'inner pass' is this Pericardium 6 (P6) acupuncture point.

Here then is a point with a name suggesting a way into that inner area round the heart and controlling the diaphragm and the other organs nearby, notably the stomach and womb.

Of course, other acupuncture points influence these organs too, which is why Pericardium 6 isn't always the most effective point for nausea - see my story below. Everything in the body interconnects with everything else either directly or through physical or energetic links.

So in Chinese medicine, Pericardium 6 is used for:

  • many problems in the chest or abdomen, however caused
  • vomiting, seasickness, nausea
  • stomach problems
  • angina pectoris
  • inflammation of the pericardium
  • after labour, when the woman continues to bleed and feels dizzy

Its action is that it is said to release, relax or unbind the chest area and thereby to steady the qi.

Doing that means that it steadies the Heart, which means that it helps you to become calmer.

By controlling the diaphragm area it can steady the actions of the stomach, reducing the tendency to vomit.

Being a Yin channel, it has the power to control Yang excess, so it can help clear Heat from the system.

It is also a Master point for one of the Extraordinary meridians, called the Yin linking channel. Guess what the Yin Linking channel does? It nourishes Blood, in particular the Blood of the Heart and it links all the Yin channels.

So the Pericardium 6, P6, acupuncture point opens up the connections between all the Yin channels to support the Heart and its Blood - which, after all, keeps us alive.

So it is an important point, and a good deal more so than just a place to stop yourself feeling sick.

When needled, what does P6 acupuncture point feel like?

Correctly needled, the sensation at the P6 acupuncture point radiates either down to the fingers, and or up to the elbow. The chest is often where you feel the strongest reaction as it does its work.

Does Pericardium 6 always work?

No it doesn't. Sorry.

Why not? Because sometimes the P6 acupuncture point is not the right acupuncture point for the job.

Not all chest or abdominal problems, including nausea of pregnancy or seasickness, will respond to it.

For example: I remember treating one pregnant woman who, unable to eat because of nausea and vomiting, had lost several stones in weight and was unable to stand.

She was in grave danger of losing her baby: her doctor wanted her to go to hospital but she lived on a top floor and they thought there was considerable danger that being carried down 8 steep flights of steps, the ambulance and the general shock might cause a miscarriage, which she'd had before.

So they agreed to let her try acupuncture first.

They'd already tried acupuncture from someone else at Pericardium 6.

Her problem I diagnosed as to do mainly with her Foot Yangming Stomach meridian. One treatment on that and an associated meridian and she was able to start swallowing. After a second treatment two days later she was able to stand.

She had two more treatments after which she felt fine and bore a healthy baby a few months later.

Scientific Evidence for Neiguan?

A fact sheet prepared for the the British Acupuncture Council, 7500 words long, which looks at research in post-operative nausea and vomiting and the use of acupuncture - mainly Pericardium 6, reviews 40 trials and almost 5000 patients. It found acupuncture significantly better than sham treatment and 'at least as good as anti-emetic drugs, with minimal side-effects'.

We'll spare you the whole document and all the references.

Actions of Pericardium 6 in Chinese medicine

Calms the Mind

  • Calms the Heart and Shen - the Mind
  • Hysteria
  • Excitability
  • Panics
  • Palpitations
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Helps integrate the personality when someone has 'gone to pieces' or been severely affected by shock or loss or disappointment
  • Helps to steady people who are 'hyper'

Harmonises the Digestive System

  • Main point for treating Qi stagnation or Blood Stasis in the upper abdomen
  • Regulates action of the Stomach
  • Harmonises Spleen and Stomach
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Helps clear damp sputum eg phlegm
  • Belching
  • Hiccups
  • Stomach and digestive ulcers
  • Acid regurgitation

Steadies and regulates the cardiovascular system

  • Calms the Heart and increases Blood flow
  • Relieves vertigo

Opens the Chest

  • Helps to clear what is called hot 'phlegm' in the Heart
  • Helps to clear obstructions in the upper respiratory tracts
  • Asthma
  • Swollen or painful throat

Regulates Qi

Couple point for Chong Mo

  • The point is not only a Master point for the Yin Wei (Yin Linking) channel but the Couple point for the Chong Mo, another important 'Extraordinary' channel.

The point is often used in combination with other points.

If you have read this far, you will have noted that this point is an excellent point for Qi Stagnation, one of the commonest syndromes in Chinese medicine, also the subject of a book I wrote, see below.

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Jonathan Clogstoun-Willmott Books

Please note! The Kindle editions are less easy to read! Although the paper editions cost more, they are much easier to read and to refer back and forth to the contents and index. But ... there is no paper edition of Yang Deficiency as yet.

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Qi Stagnation - Signs of Stress

Yin Deficiency - Burnout and Exhaustion

Yang Deficiency - Get Your Fire Burning Again!

Western Astrology and Chinese Medicine



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