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The Stomach channel is one of the acupuncture channels recognised in Chinese, Japanese, Korean and other ancients systems of medicine.
It has 45 points on the surface of the body. But it has other deep pathways that show how important the Stomach energy organ is for a huge range of conditions.
The channel starts underneath each eye then descends over the cheek to the corner of the mouth.
Rather than heading straight down the body, the channel goes laterally to the corner of the jaw, then upwards to the side of the forehead.
From within the lateral corner of the hairline it crosses to the centre, above the forehead, again to meet the Governor channel at Governor point 24, Shenting. (Shen, here, denotes the Spirit, which has a different meaning to that in Judaeo-Christian religions.)
This point Shenting is useful for calming the mind, for clearing the vision and for easing breathing through the nose. This indicates, again, the importance of proper food and digestion for calm, clear thinking processes, for good vision and an acute sense of smell.
In fact, this point is one of a number used for manic - very Yang - states. The fact that it lies on the Stomach channel again suggests the role diet plays in making people manic.
From the point at the angle of the jaw, the next branch goes down the side of the neck.
Three points lie on the medial side of the sternocleidomastoid muscle as the channel descend the neck to the torso.
This important muscle, which you can make stand out by turning your head hard to left or right, has Stomach points beside it that affect the throat, neck and thyroid gland.
There is a technique used by Bowen practitioners which molds and massages the sternocleidomastoid muscle. It is a powerful way to clear the sinuses and head. As with acupuncture points here the Bowen treatment also helps with difficulty turning the head.
One of these points Renying, Stomach 9, connects with the Gallbladder channel and is called a 'Window of the Sky' or 'Window of Heaven' point. These points have additional properties in promoting mental clarity and steadiness.
The connection with the Gallbladder is notable because of the latter's importance in giving good sight and clear vision, and with taking the right decisions with courage.
From the top of the chest, above the collarbone (ie the clavicle), the Stomach channel goes in several directions.
An important path goes to the upper back and meets the Governor Channel at Governor 14 where it meets all the other Yang channels.
Next from the the upper chest, just above the collarbone, it descends inside the chest to the diaphragm and from there enters - at last! - the stomach and spleen organs.
This part of the Stomach channel is important because sometimes when you have chills and high fever your appetite is disturbed, you may vomit.
This point, Governor 14 is useful here. It can also help with chronic hiccups, although personally I've often found the appropriate homoeopathic remedy works faster for this.
This part of the Stomach channel has points on the surface of the body along a line parallel tothe midline of the torso, down through and just below the nipple.
Stomach 12 Quepen, is above and at the midpoint of the collarbone. It meets here all the other Yang channels save the Bladder channel and this point is very useful for treating all sorts of conditions when Yang is slightly out of control, including respiratory and some digestive conditions. It also helps with mobility of the arm.
The points down to the nipple (which in Chinese acupuncture, is what is called 'contra-indicated' to needling, a consideration lost on many body jewellery wearers, see box below) are really useful for helping to clear the chest, for example in respiratory infections, cough, chest phlegm and asthma.
Ruzhong, Stomach 17, is at the centre of the nipple. In Chinese medicine it is contraindicated for acupuncture, meaning that we never needle it. We use it as a reference point for marking out distances and finding other points.
It was one of these upper chest Stomach Channel points that first persuaded me that acupuncture worked, when at my very first treatment, it was used to help clear the tension and difficulty I felt breathing. The tension was partly from Stagnant Liver Qi, but also from Lung phlegm. Even 40 years later, I remember the immediate relief the point gave me.
Anyone suffering from asthma and difficulty catching their breath will recognise the good effects these points can have on the mind. These - and other - points help not just to clear the tension and ease the breathing but also to calm the spirit.
In effect, they help to descend Qi.
Some of these points can also be useful to promote health in the breasts and milk-flow when breast-feeding.
After descending over the chest it continues in the upper abdomen down beside the mid-line to Stomach 25, at the level of the umbilicus.
These points have more effect on digestion but some can still be used to improve respiration. Again, they descend Qi, reducing nausea, benefiting appetite and digestion, reducing pain and hiccups, regularising bowel motions.
Level with the umbilicus is Stomach 25, which is half way to the lateral border of the rectus abdominis muscle, in the centre of the muscle itself. Click this link for a fuller description of this point, which has a number of qualities.
It is on the junction between upper and lower abdomen and can help to balance Qi when it stagnates, for example as constipation or in hot-type (ie offensively smelling) diarrhoea.
As mentioned above, in Japanese acupuncture soreness here also suggests the possibility of eye problems, but don't mistake this if you happen to be constipated, when the point is often tender anyway - and its soreness then has little to do with vision.
In Chinese acupuncture, the umbilicus was seen as the centre pivot, and as we know, this is where you were fed when in the womb. (Its name in Chinese medicine translates as Spirit Gateway.)
During those nine months, food entered you from your mother and went directly into your intestines. Points at this level, and partliculalry this point, can often regulate or settle intestinal problems.
Hence this point is so useful for diarrhoea, though it is vital to diagnose the correct syndrome before treating it: otherwise it may not work and you could just confuse yourself, if you are the practitioner.
Many obese people become fat from eating too much and not taking enough exercise. Sometimes they have eaten a poor diet for years.
This point isn't going to cure that, but when the diet is improved, points such as these abdominal Stomach channel points can often quickly regularize the digestion and lead to improved energy and spirits. So, in that sense, these points assist Qi.
In the lower abodomen Stomach channel points have a new range of properties from those above.
In Chinese medicine, the lower abdomen contains the anchor and deep resources of the body. If people are easily disturbed or upset, often this is because Qi rises up too fast or easily.
Strengthening the lower abdominal energy helps keep the Qi down, reducing outbursts and anxiety.
Of course, Stomach channel points here affect the bowels, the womb, ovaries and the bladder. They can be useful for pain from all sorts of syndromes, and for helping to improve fertility.
They also keep Blood moving properly here. If Blood stagnates, there will gradually arrive lumps that are sore to massage, with heavy, painful, clotted periods, and potentially conditions such as endometriosis and infertility.
For more about Blood Stagnation, click here.
There are only three Stomach channel points on the thigh and they share much the same properties
They help movement and strength in the leg. So they are useful for pain, often that caused by Wind and Damp: the sort of aching-heavy sensation that arises either after heavy exercise or from exposure to cold and damp.
Points at or just above the knee are used mainly for knee problems.
However, Stomach 34 Liangqui is a Xi-Cleft point. This point is used for acute, ie sudden, stomach problems, like pain, nausea or acid eructations, and, because the Stomach channel is one of only a few that enters the brain, for the effects of a sudden, huge fright.
From here on down are some of the most influential points on the Stomach channel. These 'master' points, when used appropriately, hugely enhance the action of other points, not just on the Stomach channel but on many other channels.
Put another way, these points act not just locally for pain but all over the body, head and mind. The theory behind this is overlooked by acupuncturists who have no experience or knowledge of Traditional Chinese medical theory, (greatly to their detriment).
Taking the Mind first, these points can greatly influence how we think about things, calming and steadying us. Several are particularly good for those who worry, and for the exhaustion that comes from constant cares or worries.
These cares and worries could be at work, at home or from relationships, from money troubles or political troubles. Althugh fear and fright anxieties are also treatable using these points, they are probably mostly - and better - used for over-thinking, over-worrying, no matter about what.
These points include the Five Element or 5 Phase points which can also be used from the angle of being what are called Transport points, the Source (Yuan-Source) point, the Stomach channel's Junction point and the Xi-Cleft ('emergency') points for both Small and Large Intestine zangfu.
When links appear, click on the points for more information about these fascinating and important acupuncture Stomach points.
Stomach point numbers:
If you live in the Edinburgh area of Scotland, where the author of this site (and of the books described below) works, click on Edinburgh Acupuncturist.
If you live elsewhere, click on BAcC.
If what you've read on this page helps you understand your health better, perhaps from the point of view of Chinese or oriental medicine, you may find some of Jonathan's book of interest. They explain topics in more detail than here, but in the same easy to understand way.
Please note! The Kindle editions are less easy to read! Although the paper editions cost more, they are much easier to read and to refer back and forth to the contents and index.
Here are some of the books Jonathan has written:
Still only one comment, though personally I think this is my best book so far.
Published 1986 and, amazingly, still selling. Was apparently used back then by at least one acupuncture college to help students understand Chinese medicine!
No comments yet: just published. (Despite the lurid cover, it explains the five main types of phlegm and what works best for each type. I hope it's easy to read and will be much more useful than all the websites on the subject.)
3000 years of Chinese being stressed, and at last, here's a book showing how all that experience can help you!
By the author of this website, it explains in simple English how to use stress to improve and enhance your life.
NB You can also order 'Qi Stagnation - Signs of Stress' from your bookseller.
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