Calf Cramps

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Do you suffer from foot, leg or calf cramps, forcing you to walk around and if they occur in your sleep making you to leap from your bed and prance indecorously round the room?

In my experience they happen more early on in the night than later, and they can be very painful.

What is the reason for them in Chinese medicine?

Calf Cramps

There are several contributing causes including:


As you see, several syndromes include Blood.

Qi takes an infinite number of forms and in the body it works through Blood to nourish and moisten. If Blood is deficient, the tissues starve and aren't repaired.

Blood itself is manufactured from

  • food eaten
  • The action of the Stomach
  • The action of the Spleen
  • Lung Qi (which you might equate with oxygen),
  • vital support from Kidney Jing (which equates here to the know-how inherited in your genes)
  • Heart Qi, which gives it motion and life

Consequently, if what you eat is either of poor quality or is not properly absorbed and transformed into Blood, cramps, including calf cramps may occur.

A common problem that interferes with the above process of Blood manufacture is emotional and stress, giving Qi stagnation.

Do not forget that it is possible to enjoy the excitement of stress but still to be harmed by it. Also, if you do too many things and don't get enough rest, your body can't recover enough Qi to digest food.

Stress also makes people eat faster, chew less, and rush off after eating to get on with the next job. These upset digestion.

So calf cramps can have many causes.

Calf Cramps with Pain

Here there is often either Liver Blood Stasis and/or a history of injury. Injury prevents the smooth flow of Qi and Blood, starving the tissues and leading to calf cramps.

Cramps with Numbness

Numbness is a further extension of Blood deficiency.

Here you get what is called Empty Wind, which arises because the Blood, being deficient and not properly flowing, can't prevent bubbles appearing in it.

Please realize that these aren't real bubbles! They are a figure of speech to explain the idea of Empty Wind. If you have ever seen a river during drought, as the water flows over the river bed there are many small obstacles for it and it makes a noise, as bubbles form and collapse, quite different from the noise of the full river.

Age and Cramps

Aging brings wisdom but, often, physical woes.

One of them is that our supply of Jing gradually reduces. This means that, among other problems, our digestion becomes less efficient. With a less efficient digestion (Spleen and Stomach) we don't make such good Blood.

What can you do about Calf Cramps?

For more details read the linked pages detailed above.

In general, however, keeping fit helps.

  • So taking enough food - from good sources - preparing. presenting and chewing it well in restful surroundings or company, is a first step.
  • Exercise is good, because it moves Qi and Blood, Heart Qi and Liver Qi and helps to prevent Qi stagnation.
  • Don't forget exercises for strength and flexibility of your back and abdomen, which protect your core energies.
  • Before bed make sure you are warm. Cold extremities slow the progress of Blood, meaning your legs and calves don't get the sustenance they need.
  • Depending on a range of variables, you may find a snack before bed helps. Nuts, such as brazils, hazels and almonds are highly concentrated foods that also contain good fats. If you aren't allergic to them they can provide both warmth and nutrients you need, and you don't need many (5 or 10 at most) at bed time. Or a milky drink. These help guard against Blood deficiency and if the drink is warm, against cold. The Zinc in the nuts also probably helps support Kidney Jing.
  • Don't get excited by reading or watching thrillers before bed. For some people the emotions disrupt their Qi circulation and can, in susceptible individuals, lead to Qi and Blood stagnation.
  • Don't use computers before bed. Computers seem to use up Liver Blood very quickly. As Liver Blood deficiency leads to calf cramps, if you use computers (or VDUs or small screens) you set yourself up for them.
  • Try to sort out emotional problems before going to bed. Then you won't be troubled by Qi stagnation when trying to sleep.
  • If Stress and Emotional tensions are real problems consider seeing someone for counselling - even a friend may be able to help. And you might benefit from reading my book 'Qi Stagnation - Signs of Stress', for links to which see below.

Problems Sleeping?

See an Acupuncturist!

Of course, since Chinese medicine has an explanation for this troubling condition, we suggest you consult an acupuncturist.

If you are in the Edinburgh area of Scotland, where the author of this site works, click on Edinburgh Acupuncturist. If you live somewhere else in the world, click on BAcC.

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