Lungs Function


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How your Lungs function is a major topic in Chinese medicine - really important for understanding its attitude to health. Of course, the Lungs cover respiration - breathing - but they also govern Qi, without which we would all be inert!

Once you get to grips with what your lungs do, and what your Lungs 'manage' in terms of Chinese medicine, you will have more respect for them and perhaps realise their vital importance for your health.

Lung Channel

If you are more interested in the path of the Lung channel, or 'meridian', click here.

Lungs Function 1: Govern Qi and Breathing

Check out Qi before reading on. You may also enjoy our page on Lung Qi.

If the many functions of Qi are understood, then you'll see how important is the energy of the Lungs - because the Lungs Function Number ONE is governing the Qi and Breathing.

The example given on that page of when you get angry and tense, your shoulders tighten, your jaw grinds, your forehead furrows and you incline towards a headache, all because Qi is pushing up: well, if your Lungs function right, they'll steady and control it so you won't hit anyone or anything.

Probably you'll do this partly by steady breathing. At any rate, you Lungs are deeply involved in this. And because most often your Liver energy is involved in those symptoms of frustration, you could say that your Liver and Lungs work hand in hand, but also balance and to some extent control each other.

For example, if you are so angry that you stop breathing, (your doctor may think of asthma) your Liver energy is likely to be impeding your Lungs' function, and there is a well-understood mechanism in Chinese medicine as to how this happens - and what to do about it.

Everything that functions in your body needs Qi. That includes every kind of physiological process, from your heart beat to the health of your skin, from how alert you are to how well your bowels work.

Your Lungs inspire and expire; they breathe in and out. When breathing in, they extract from the air what the Chinese called 'pure Qi'. When breathing out, they return so-called 'dirty qi' back to the environment. 

So you can see that Chinese medicine agrees with Western medicine on this. If your breathing is inadequate or faulty, an early consideration is whether your Lungs' function is working properly.

Some examples of when this Lungs' function is a problem:

  • Breathlessness
  • Sleep apnoea
  • Cough
  • Asthma
  • Tiredness
  • Weak voice
  • Holding your breath
  • Frequent sighing

... though please realise some of the above involve other zang-fu energies too, and their interaction with the Lungs.

But that's not all. The Lungs have a close relationship with your digestive powers, which in Chinese medicine are your Stomach and Spleen energies. When you eat something, your digestion leeches essential nutrients from the food. These essential nutrients are sent, according to Chinese medicine, first to the Lungs. 

In the chest the food and the air nutrient energies combine to form 'Gathering Qi'. This is distributed by your Lung energy to every part of your body to feed it and enable it to function properly.

Because it starts from the chest, it enables your Heart and Lungs to function well. This qi powers your heart to give you good circulation. If you have poor circulation, this may point to problems in your chest, which is known as the Sea of Qi.

That Sea of Qi also powers your voice. A strong voice suggests good Qi.

However, the Lungs' function is far wider than this, which is where the story begins to depart from that of Western medicine.

Lungs Function 2: controls Acupuncture Channels 

This is where, for the scientifically inclined, it gets a bit fanciful.

OK, you say, you can accept Lungs Function 1. That accords with Western medicine, pretty well.

But 'channels'?!

May I invite you to read our page on 'Channels'?

Like it or not, there is a branch of Chinese medicine, a huge branch, called acupuncture, that has been used for 3000 years and relies on a theory of channels that has been elaborated to a considerable degree.

Acupuncture is highly sophisticated and just because you can't yet prove the channels' existence doesn't mean they don't exist or, to be more precise, that the theory of them can't be used daily in practice to help people towards better health.

After all, there are many drugs in Western medicine that are highly effective but the action of which is not yet, or has only been recently, understood. Aspirin, for example.

So, for those who are willing to read further, if your body shows weakness - one of the effects of Qi deficiency - an acupuncturist could quickly diagnose which channel(s) were involved.

I had a patient who was a body-builder. He had a superb physique - not bulging but beautiful, the kind that most men would want, and many women might desire.
He caught a cold and had an accident to his left arm.

His left arm, though it looked just as healthy as his right arm, failed to recover and felt permanently weak.

His doctor couldn't understand this and so for several months he found he had to use his right arm for most tasks.
By chance he met me and told me about it.

One brief look showed me his Lung channel was affected, and his Lung pulse was very weak.

One treatment was all he needed - two needles. Because he was otherwise well, he recovered completely and later applied to join the army, successfully, at a time when they were not inclined to accept anyone not fully fit.

Because the Lungs govern Qi, wherever Qi is said to flow, the Lungs control. Qi flows along the acupuncture channels, so the strength with which it flows there is directly related to the Lungs.

But in Chinese medicine, the Qi is said to lead the Blood. So poor circulation can be from Blood stasis, but can be from Qi Stagnation or Qi deficiency - which probably comes from Lung qi deficiency.

If your hands are always cold, this suggests your Lungs' function is poor. If certain fingers are colder than others, this may be that Qi is flowing less strongly in the channels that flow along them.

If you habitually like to play hot water from your shower onto your upper back, especially when cold or tired, or after sleeping poorly, this again suggests that you should work to make your Lungs function better.

Lungs Function 3: your skin


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