What ‘Damp’ Does to You: Dampness in the Body

Soggy path in the woods

Key Learning Points on Damp

  • Like fog, Damp slows everything down. Hard to clear.
  • It causes Swelling, Heaviness and Lethargy
  • Easily Combines with other Problems
  • A big subject! Settle down for a good read!

Let Me Tell You About DAMP and my Aunt!

So … what’s Damp and Dampness in the Body? (By Dampness, we mean Dampness in TCM – Traditional Chinese Medicine!)

Let me tell you about my Aunt!

I had a beautiful and contrary maiden aunt who, dissatisfied with London in her old age migrated to Hove, Sussex, (UK), by the sea.

Then she moved to Camberley in Surrey, (inland, about 50 miles North-West of Hove).

Then she returned to Hove again, and back and forth.

The trouble was that Hove was ‘too bracing’. On the other hand Camberley was ‘too damp’!

She’d been raised in Madras, Southern India then Delhi, Northern India. Britain was very different and her elderly bones objected. What was wrong with Camberley?

Chinese medicine has a shorthand for conditions. It uses ideas to understand health.

These ideas are often easier to understand than the more precise and scientific definitions in Western medicine because Chinese medicine uses words we all use in everyday speech.

Although in Chinese Medicine these ideas are used in a technical sense, it’s not hard to apply them to ourselves.

It’s a problem for Western medicine, which can’t absorb or use the Chinese traditions until it finds some scientific basis for them: until then, Chinese medicine remains at best a ‘pseudoscience‘.

On the other hand, Chinese medicine quickly saw the ideas and advantages of Western medicine, and welcomed it with open arms.

What is a Damp Day like?

Rain and mist make for a Damp day.
Photo by Jan Canty

Today it’s raining: a very fine mist. Roads are covered with slippery surface water that sprays up easily. Traffic moves slowly and people heat up fast on exertion because high humidity stops easy evaporation.

Low cloud lies as fog. It makes driving hazardous. With low visibility, people get confused and there are more traffic accidents.

Clothes get quickly sodden: dampness makes them heavy and uncomfortable. Dry things engorge and become sticky and weighty.

Without good insulation, electricity lines short, requiring more power.

Clouds block the sun. If it’s cold, it stays cold. If it’s hot, it stays hot.

In the garden, in summer plants grow fast – other things being equal – especially weeds and grass.

Whereas rain washes dust and rubbish away, damp inclines it to linger. As dust and rubbish build up into piles, seeds and moulds prosper. Things grow where they aren’t wanted. Puddles remain and mosquito larvae multiply.

In winter, cold-damp disinclines gardeners to do anything. But mould still prospers.

If you make wine or beer, you need dampness for yeast to grow. In bread-making too much dampness means the yeast can’t shift flour so bread doesn’t rise properly. Too much sugar and it rises too fast and exhausts itself.

Too much ongoing weather dampness is depressing: it saps the spirit.

Like Rain and Fog, it takes Wind and Heat to clear them

You can’t shift the clouds and the mist, the rain and the fog.

Wind and Heat dry out Damp
Hanging out the Washing – Photo by Jason Briscoe

You must wait for either the wind to blow them all away or for the sun to come out and burn it all dry.  This analogy shows that movement and warmth help to move damp.

We all need a little dampness!

It moisturises our skins and keeps us fresh. but too much for too long is a major problem. It’s not a killer but immensely inconvenient and hard to shift.

Dampness in TCM in The Body

What happens when you get dampness in the body? If you’ve understood its effect in life, then it’s easy to apply to your body.

Typical of these Spleen dampness symptoms are:

  • swelling
  • slowness
  • lethargy
  • tiredness
  • confused thinking and
  • heaviness.


However, it can take on many forms so the following is only a summary (but you only a need a few of them to get a DAMP diagnosis!)

Swelling and distension – signs of Damp … can appear:

Swelling round fingernails show damp. Probably sore, too.
Photo by Markus Spiske
  • round stings and bites
  • around the eyes – ‘bags under the eyes!
  • round sore joints
  • in the body of the tongue
  • after bruising
  • before menses round the waist or in the breasts.
  • If your metabolism is slow or you eat more than you burn up in exercise, you put on weight. This concept underlies the Chinese medical attitude to being overweight.



It makes us feel heavy and stiff, often sore. When pressed, flesh only slowly recovers its shape.

Because we are heavy, we move more slowly and we tire faster.

Often stiffness accompanies it: after rest it is sore, we can only start with slow movements and we take time to get going again. In acute Damp we must either keep moving or we stiffen up.

In our body it leads to poor digestion, nausea, sticky or slow stools, retarded or limited urination.

Mould or fungus 


Moldy Orange
Image by adege from Pixabay


… such as thrush, grows on the skin or in crevices, in our armpits, our mouths, ears (wax) and around and within our genitals. Between our toes we get athlete’s foot.

In our thinking it slows acuity. We can’t remember things; can’t concentrate; get anxious and go over things again and again; get despondent; may get weepy, preferring to be alone; talk hesitantly or reluctantly. We can’t remember things, we get confused.

Head : It gives us a sore heavy head and headache and may combine with another Chinese concept called ‘Phlegm‘ to cause vertigo or dizziness.

Face : swollen and stiff. Causes cracking of joints, pain (worse in the cold). Skin round lips may crack. Lips may swell eg from herpes.

Eyelids get sticky and agglutinated; may dry and be hard to open. Eyes cry easily and we may get pustular inflammations such as conjunctivitis or blepharitis (this often occurs when there is a build-up of Heat too).

Tongue : usually is slightly swollen, often with what look like teeth-marks along the sides, and with a white wet coating. If you have Damp with Heat (Damp-Heat) then your tongue coating is more likely to be yellow and sticky.

Chest area: often feels full, or stuffy, may be itchy (though no sign of a rash), which makes it difficult to breath comfortably.

Damp, Appetite and Digestion

Even though the mouth may be dry there is often an aversion to drinking. Food often lies heavy in the stomach, especially cold food or drinks. The appetite is usually reduced.

Abdomen: often sore, or feels like liquids awash inside – a kind of fullness. The feeling disinclines you to physical activity, though usually walking helps. Stools may be looser than normal, but not smelly unless Heat is also present. (Sometimes constipation.)  Symptoms temporarily improve after a good bowel movement. The abdominal ‘fullness’ makes you less certain about how hungry you are before eating.

Female: when it invades her genital area it often causes cloudy vaginal discharges. (More coloured, ie yellow, if it combines with Heat.) Her breasts may swell before periods.

Urine: cloudy and may be much reduced. Can make it difficult to pee, which feels like burning.

Skin loses its flexibility. Can seem thicker. Swellings such as with glands (eg mumps), or in boils, abscesses, carbuncles, cellulitis. During eczema associated with Damp, discharges are thick and dirty.

Limbs feel sore, bruised, heavy and stiff, may be swollen. Muscles may twitch. There is sometimes a feeling like something crawling on the skin, or numbness: as if something has gone to sleep. Joints ache and swell. Lymphoedema is a form of damp.

What makes Damp worse?


Wet window


  • Mainly exposure to dampness, ie wet or cold conditions or weather, but also drafts of air or becoming chilled: all these especially if you are hot or sweaty.
  • Lying or sitting on wet ground can let it invade your body.
  • Uncovering swollen or painful areas often makes the discomfort worse.
  • After rest or at the start of motion the pain or stiffness is worse.
  • Of course, not taking any exercise means there is nothing to shift the damp, often making it worse. But when you have Damp, it makes you feel so heavy and tired that many people don’t want to exercise. Walking is usually good, however.
  • Eating the wrong foods, too much of them, or too often. See ‘Damp-Foods-That-Cause-Damp‘. But any imbalanced nutrition can weaken your Spleen and lead to Damp.


TCM theory, which is the bedrock behind much of this site, would say that other forms of excess yin energy can also worsen Dampness in TCM. These would include Cold, and lack of movement (which  is actually a lack of yang, although not quite yang deficiency.)

A lack of movement in yin conditions like Cold eventually makes us shiver – a yang response to invasion of yin-cold.

Wet weather, or before a thunderstorm, makes the condition worse.

How I Once got Dampness in the Body!

Working in London, I once cycled to see a patient.


On the way back, I was hot, and in a hurry

to get back to my clinic to see another patient.


There was a sudden thunderstorm

on the way back which soaked me, especially my BACK.

Wet back from cycling in a downpour: invasion of Damp
Rain – a source of Damp – Photo by Robert Iana

On arrival, I found the patient had already arrived and was in a hurry.


She pleaded for me to treat her immediately and didn’t mind that I was still wet.

The next day, when I woke up, I could hardly move.


My back was very sore and I needed a long soak in a warm bath before I felt better.


Later in the day, after I had been sitting down for 20 minutes

whilst thinking over the treatment for someone,

I realised the stiff soreness had returned.

Only by keeping moving could I keep it at bay.

This was a classic case of external invasion of damp.

If you wonder how I got myself better,

I used a homoeopathic remedy, which worked in a few minutes.


But this was an acute invasion of Damp

(ie it was External Damp, see below),

not chronic Damp,

which would have required more extensive treatment,

whether from Chinese medicine,

acupuncture, homoeopathy or anything else.


What makes Dampness in TCM better, ie improves it?

Apart from having treatment to clear it from the body, the following can improve dampness conditions in the body.

However, they don’t usually cure it: they just palliate it. 

  • Warmth: like a warm bath, warm dry weather or a warm climate; warm wraps. (but if you have Damp-HEAT, warmth may not help!)
  • Continued movement, including stretching the limbs
  • Rubbing (or massage, for example round a joint that has swollen up; very light stroking over a bruise can ameliorate the pain: NB firm massage over a bruise is not recommended.)
  • In some kinds of dampness, losing some blood may help, such as a nosebleed (this applies more to damp-heat).
  • Supporting or holding up the affected part. (Hold it very gently, however: don’t grip too firmly!)
  • Moving your position regularly may help
  • Avoiding factors that make it worse also helps! See above.
  • Sometimes a long holiday in a warm country whilst avoiding the factors that produced it can get you better.
silhouette photo of five person walking on seashore during golden hour
Holidays in warm countries often help clear Dampness in the body.

What are the causes of Dampness in TCM in the first place?

What produces it in the body?

In Chinese medicine there are two potential sources: external and internal.


External damp comes from the factors described above together with, for example,

  • sprains,
  • blows,
  • accidents, and
  • jarring; but also
  • living in moist conditions, such as in a wet basement, or
  • camping out in very wet weather.


Wet conditions could also come from wearing wet clothes or standing in a wet place for too long (fishing, for example, even if your skin is protected from the water) or working in wet fields.

Kneeling on cold damp ground can do it too.

Some professional or frequent swimmers develop it.


Man fishing - sometimes a cause of Dampness in the Body.
Photo by Greysen Johnson

With externally caused Damp, the pulse is what is called ‘slippery’ and ‘full’ and the tongue‘s coating is thick and sticky.

Many diseases from outside take up residence and produce Damp in your body. Here are just a few that slow you down and make  you feel heavy and ill!



Internal Damp can be exacerbated by External Damp factors, but arises also where Spleen qi is weak. Sometimes Spleen qi is weak because Kidney qi is weak.

With internally caused Damp, the pulse is ‘slippery’ and ‘fine’, or ‘floating’ and ‘weak’, and the tongue’s coating is sticky and thinner.

When Spleen qi is weak, it can’t move things around your body properly, so ‘puddles’ of Dampness build up.

Bad food or eating habits lead to Damp formation

Bad diet can cause internal Dampness.

Damp foods in TCM

This would include too much

  • milk products, including cheese and most yogurts (natural yogurt and kefir, though still cold, have qualities that are less damp-making)
biscuits on chopping board: cheese can cause damp.
Dairy products like cheese often lead to Dampness in the body. Photo by Anita Peeples
  • sweet food, including sugars, especially refined white sugar
  • raw food
  • cold, iced or chilled food (or drink), or
  • indigestible food
  • highly refined foods and flours, as in many white breads, biscuits, cakes, buns and pastries
  • deep-fried and greasy food
  • alcohol
  • Bad eating habits also contribute, like eating too fast, or eating too much junk food, or not chewing properly.


In susceptible people, too many Cold foods produce Cold-Damp symptoms. Likewise, too many Hot foods can produce Damp-Heat symptoms in people predisposed that way.

For more about this, click Nutrition and Foods that Cause Damp.

Internal Dampness is also caused by continued worry, or obsessions, or anxiety and by long periods of intense mental work or study. All these emotional and mental factors weaken the Spleen Qi.

In someone with weak Spleen qi, the side lain on or hanging down or kept immobile for a long period (such as sitting for long periods without moving), may acquire symptoms of damp, such as swelling. That swelling can then cause further problems, preventing the free flow of Qi and Blood.

In some situations, this produces what is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT), one possible consequence of Blood Stasis.

Injections can create Damp

Injections of more-or-less anything are, obviously, something wet being pushed inside you! So they can cause damp.

This is all the more likely to happen if you already have a weak Spleen, or already have other signs of damp.

What sort of injections might these be?

Immunisation can cause Damp to appear at the injection site - a good reaction usually.
Vaccination is a source of Damp. Photo by CDC
  • Immunisations and vaccinations even if given for the best of reasons. Damp arising from this (soreness, heaviness, possibly a mild fever) is usually short-lived in young healthy people. In older people, the injection can weigh you down for quite some time.
  • If injections introduce Damp into the body, the Damp may obstruct the free movement of fluids in the body. So, preferably don’t let your child be vaccinated while he or she is constipated! (Also, see below* for more on this.)
  • Anyone with an infectious disease with Damp-like symptoms (eg, the common cold) should avoid injections if possible, until better.
  • Prescribed medication injected into you. If it causes damp in you, you will probably notice symptoms starting fairly soon after the injection. Depending on the medicine the symptoms may be local (eg soreness round the site of the injection) or generalised (you feel slow, heavy, tired, foggy-minded and your body loses its bounce).
  • Insulin. For many, this is still a necessary injection if you are diabetic. But if your Spleen tends to weakness you will develop signs of Damp. And you may put on weight (another sign of Damp, even Phlegm.)
  • Injection of social or recreational drugs. The effect depends on the drug. Stimulants may not initially cause signs of Damp – they are more likely to produce signs of Yang excess and Yin deficiency. Depressants (aimed to calm you down) and hallucinogens (make you happy or sometimes crazy) are more likely to cause early symptoms of Damp, but it depends on your underlying constitutional weakness.


*Extra Note on Vaccination/Immunisation

In fact, when immunising babies, make sure they are quite well (including not having a runny nose or a cough or cold) before immunising them, otherwise they may not react in the way you want and you and your doctor may not easily work out what is going on.

For example, how will you know, for SURE, that your baby’s symptoms come from the vaccination and not the pre-existing disease?

Bear in mind that those who administer immunisations do so for the best of reasons and may find it difficult to accept that you or your baby are suffering the ill-effects when there are other possible causes!

By the way, when receiving YOUR dose of a vaccine, the same applies! Make sure you’re feeling well beforehand, and don’t have any other medical intervention – including another immunisation – at the same time. Otherwise, how will you know what caused your problems?

How does it damage your body’s health?

Damp is what is called a Yin-type pathogenic factor. (Pathogenic means ‘illness-causing’.) It is a form of excess Yin.

Being Yin in nature, it lacks movement in itself and inhibits movement in you. It combines easily with Cold and Heat. With the latter it produces symptoms of Damp-Heat.

In the UK we are very familiar with how it combines with Cold to create Cold-Damp conditions such as Spleen Cold Damp.

It sticks around! It’s hard to get rid of. Like water, it flows downwards easily, so it affects lower parts of the body and limbs more often than upper parts, or may start in an upper area and seep downwards.

However, if it starts in the legs, it may creep up to the abdomen, just like rising damp from a basement, when moisture rises in the walls.


Boot in the water. Working in these conditions increases the likelihood of Damp illnesses
Photo by jonathan Ford on Unsplash


Dampness, being Yin, gets in the way of Yang, and slows it down. Normally clear Yang rises to the head enabling us to think clearly and act decisively. If Dampness invades, this clear Yang doesn’t reach the head so we feel confused, heavy-headed, depressed and unable to take decisions.

Acting as an obstruction to the free flow of qi, it causes swelling – for example oedema, and the swellings further impede the movement of qi. Where qi doesn’t move smoothly, there is pain and discomfort, and with Dampness this feels like stiffness, fullness and heaviness.

How Do You Treat Damp in the body?

Various ways: although this is a site devoted to acupuncture, I have had considerable success treating Dampness with Homoeopathic remedies – but you must find the right remedy for your particular symptoms, which can take experience and time.

Herbs in Chinese medicine come in various categories, one of which aims specifically to clear dampness. One or more herbs from this category would be used in a formula with other herbs to moderate, enhance or direct the principal herb’s actions.

Herbs used in the kitchen that help your body clear Dampness include ginger, cardamom, cloves, coriander, basil, rosemary, oregano, sage, fennel and parsley: fresh if possible, but dried herbs also work.

We’ve got a whole page on foods to clear Damp.

Acupuncture points to treat Damp include mainly points that stimulate Spleen qi. Some of these lie on the Spleen meridian, for example, Spleen 3, 6 and Spleen 9. But please don’t start poking yourself at these points if you don’t know what you’re doing! Also, there are many other points, on other meridians, that act powerfully to clear Dampness in the Body.

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If you have Dampness in the Body, what can YOU do to reduce it?


Water Buckets
Image by PublicDomainPictures from Pixabay
  • Bear in mind that this syndrome is hard to shift. You almost certainly will need treatment. On your own, once established, it’s very hard to clear. All sorts of larvae (including mosquitoes) love warm moist places and it’s the same in your body.
  • Avoid circumstances that cause it – see above under Causes.
  • Avoid foods that weaken Spleen qi. These include sweet, or sweet-tasting food, raw, cold food, (eg salads and cold vegetables) iced or chilled food, uncooked food and most kinds of fruit, especially watery fruit like melons, fruit juices and soda drinks, like smoothies. In other words, food and drinks that you probably eat in warm summer-time may hurt the Spleen.
  • The paragraph above doesn’t mean the foods mentioned are always bad for you! – although there’s probably not much good to say about fruit juices, soda drinks and smoothies. You must remember that when you’re ill, the rules change: they’re different to when you are well.
  • Include Ginger in your diet: eg in stir-fried dishes and in teas.
  • Eat foods that the Spleen energy likes, which include well-cooked meat, many spices and pepper. But cooked green vegetables too.
  • Make sure the food and drinks you take are warm.


Which Foods are BAD for – ie they increase – Dampness in the Body?

Bad diet can cause Dampness in the body. This would include too much sweet food, or cold, iced or chilled food (or drink), or indigestible food.

Bad eating habits also contribute, like eating too fast, or eating too much junk food, or not chewing properly. Don’t skip over this matter. It’s so important that this is its second mention on the page! It really is more important than you think! Eat slowly and in relaxed surroundings. Otherwise, even with good food you may produce Dampness in the Body!

In susceptible people, too many


For more about this, click Nutrition.

Herbs for Damp?

Regular use of the following herbs may reduce Damp but please first read my disclaimer!


Cup of ginger tea amy help Damp
Photo by Dominik Martin on Unsplash
    • Ginger root
    • Turmeric
    • Cumin
    • Cardamon
    • Fennel Seed
    • Cinnamon
    • Rosemary
    • Marjoram


Foods for Damp?

Food works more slowly than herbs, which sometimes work more slowly than medication from your doctor.

With food, the first thing is to stop foods (see above) that make the situation worse.

Only then increase foods that help, such as – cooked, of course:

  • scallion
  • leeks
  • bean sprouts (but always cook beansprouts before eating them because when taken raw they have a Cold energy)
  • barley

millet can help reduce Damp



  • Chew your food well. Eat regularly and not excessively. Eating too little injures the Spleen, as does over-eating. Your Spleen energy turns food you eat into blood and flesh so make sure you eat enough protein. If you eat very little protein, your Spleen can’t do its job.
  • Avoid foods that increase the likelihood of damp or phlegm in your body, like dairy foods, sweet, raw and cold foods. It’s amazing how few people notice a connection between the chocolate ice-cream they’ve just eaten and the phlegm they soon get in their throat and nose.
  • And chew well. (Did I say that already? OK, but I’ll repeat it! CHEW WELL.)
  • Meditate or learn to relax, perhaps with Yoga or simple physical stretching exercises. Don’t overwork mentally.
  • Tai Qi (often spelled Tai Chi) was developed in China as a way of exercising all the joints in a gentle but strengthening way. It is good exercise and harder work than it looks. It helps most people mentally as well as physically. However, it is better to learn it before you get diagnosed with Damp.
  • Keep warm.


Other types


water drops on gray flooring - the makings of dampness
Damp basements! Photo by Marten Bjork

This arises from living not merely in damp conditions, but cold and damp conditions in general, or from getting cold and damp after exercise when one was warm and sweaty. What are the symptoms?

Cold foods can produce it and will worsen it.

  • Symptoms of Dampness, as above. Plus:
  • a sense of coldness in the upper abdomen which is better for warmth; very loose stools without much odour,
  • thirstlessness or thirst but no desire to drink.
  • Tongue: thick, sticky, white coating
  • Pulse: slow and slippery


Other forms of Damp and Damp-Cold include

  • Spleen Damp-Cold
  • Bladder Damp
  • Gallbladder Damp
  • Large Intestine Damp
  • Lung Damp
  • Uterus Damp


Damp can combine with Phlegm:



Some people respond to either internal or external causes of Damp not with Cold-Damp symptoms but with Damp-Heat.

Humidity can cause damp: coconut tree near body of water
Warm rain and humidity worsen symptoms of Damp-Heat. Photo by Roxxie Blackham

This is also more likely after

  • eating dirty or contaminated food.
  • Hot foods, which can produce it and will worsen it. (By hot foods I don’t mean heated foods, warm or hot to the touch when eaten. Click the link to see what is meant.)


With Damp-Heat, in addition to or in variation of the above general symptoms of Dampness,

  • if there is thirst, the patient prefers to drink in small quantities, or sips.
  • Not merely nausea, but possibly vomiting too: what comes up has a very offensive odour.
  • Stools are still runny, but are urgent and with a strong smell.
  • The anal area burns, and urine is dark-yellow.
  • Vaginal discharges may be yellow and smelly. The discharge may itch or burn.
  • There may a slight low-grade fever all day, and headache.
  • The tongue coating is not merely sticky but also a bit yellow.
  • The pulse is rapid as well as slippery.
  • Hangovers are often due to Damp and Damp-Heat


Other forms of Damp-Heat include:


Summary of Damp

On this page we’ve covered:

  • What Damp is and what it feels like to have Dampness in the Body
  • Typical symptoms of Damp
  • How it affects your digestion
  • What makes it worse
  • What makes it better
  • Typical causes of Damp
  • Several ways to treat it
  • How YOU can help yourself
  • Foods and herbs to consider
  • How to help your digestion
  • Various other kinds of Dampness in the Body


From this page on Damp, click here to get to Acupuncture Theory.

For how other Zangfu are affected when Heat is also present, click on Liver or Gallbladder.

Yet more about Damp!

What more is there to say? Lots!! But some of it takes us into other areas of life, which you may find a bit political.

Just for example, in 2023 we seem to be starting to realise that what may be called the ‘Precautionary’ principle is taking over life. Of course we want safety and health, (and not just for children!)

But think of all those rules, laws and regulations. In Scotland, where I live we often lead the field:

  • Speed limits slow vehicular speed
  • Masks and frequent washing may fetter quick application of health solutions
  • Checks on character before registering as a volunteer discourage applicants
  • Environmental legacy issues hamper developments
  • Gender issue and identity laws lead to unintended consequences for free speech
  • Security issues prevent free movement, of people, money and property


Those are just a few examples of damp or yin-type factors hindering yang-factors.

In the end, yin and yang balance. Always.

Warning! The longer you suppress or inhibit yang, the deeper it goes inside, causing inflammation deep within – or else emerges violently.

Most parents eventually realise that their children need to experience some danger, even accidents, to grow resilient. Therein lies the risk: yang is risky, hence all the rules and regulations saving us from it: precautions we impose for the best reasons in the world – of course!

grey bicycle on road near black vehicle at nighttime

But all those laws can make some of us dozy, not awake to what’s going on, even, may I say, leading to some encroachment on freedom and liberty: also prone to accidents, sudden explosions of irritation, or sullen discontent.

For long-term health, there needs to be movement and the ability to change – not just a safety-valve.

So real health means risk, for some of us, at least. But if nothing else, it keeps us awake!

Have another look at our page on yin-excess.

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